At a glance 2016

Research

All information is taken from the Engineering UK Report 2016.

STEM professionals earn a

higher mean salary

compared to all employees.

Economic growth:

The engineering sector

contributed an estimated

£455.6 billion

of the UK's

£1,683 billion GDP

in 2014 (that's 27.1%).

Engineering employment

has grown by 1.8%

to more than 5.5 million.

Engineering generated 27.1%

of the total UK GDP.

That's £455.6bn

GDP for the UK.

Average starting salary for

engineering and technology

graduates

is £27,079

which compares well with the mean salary of

all graduates

which is £22,205.

The UK is a research nation,

with four of the top 10

universities

in the world,

and 29 in the top 200,

despite representing only 0.9%

of global population.

Filling the skills gap:

182,000 -

the number of people

with engineering skills

needed per year

to 2022

Filling the skills gap:

Meeting the demand for

new engineering jobs (257,000)

will generate

an additional £27bn

for the UK economy

per year from 2022.

That's equivalent to building

1,800 schools

or

110 hospitals.

We need to

double the number

of graduates entering

the engineering industry.

Only 37% of STEM teachers

felt confident in giving

engineering careers advice.

Every £1

produced in engineering

means £1.45

generated elsewhere.

More women

working in STEM

could contribute an extra

£2 billion to the economy.

Just 2%

of engineering and technology graduates

go to work in the

financial and insurance sector.

A girl is four times more likely

to study A-level physics

if she attends a single-sex, independent school

compared to a mixed state school.

The implementation of STEM education, skills

and careers advice

has top level cross-party

political support.

The mean basic annual income

for a

Chartered Engineer

increased by 10%

between 2013 and 2014 to

£68,539.

Very employable:

65% of engineering and technology graduates

were in full-time employment

within six months of graduating

compared with all graduates (57.8%).

Small but significant:

89.6%

of engineering enterprises

have fewer than 10 employees.

Less than 50% of students

with GCSE grade A maths

go on to study

A-level maths.

Girls and boys achieve almost equal A*-C grades in

physics at GCSE level

but girls only constitute

one fifth of A level physics students.

The number of engineering companies in the UK

grew by 5.6%

to 608,920.

Economic growth:

Turnover in

engineering enterprises

has grown by 3.4% to

£1.21tn that's a quarter of the

turnover in all UK enterprises.

80% of parents

with children aged seven to 14 would

recommend a career in engineering

to their children.

The Government's

Regional Growth Fund

has invested

£2.85 billion.

This year the government has approved

50 University Technical Colleges (UTCs)

and

46 studio schools.

Skilled trades workers,

engineers

and technicians

are the most

in-demand jobs globally.

Girls make up

only one-fifth

of A-level physics students

despite the number of girls gaining

an A*-C grade at GCSE physics being

almost equal to boys.

Demand for skills:

41% of engineering enterprises

said hard-to-fill vacancies

meant delays in new

products and services.

Engineering graduates

and gender:

18.2% of applicants to engineering degree courses in 2013/14 were female.

General engineering (24%) and

chemical, process and energy engineering (26%)

had more female applicants than the average engineering degree course.

53%

of businesses expect

difficulty in recruiting

STEM-skilled

staff

in the next three years.

A high-quality teacher

for GCSE study can add

half a grade's improvement

per subject.

The Government has invested

£30 million

to develop engineering skills in

smaller companies

and encourage more women

into engineering.

Every time a new job is created

in engineering,

two more jobs

are created elsewhere.

We need to support teachers and careers advisors

in understanding the range of

modern engineering roles,

career paths,

and vocational jobs

available in today's economy.

The average salary in 2014 for full-time

engineering technicians

was £35,208

- higher than the UK mean wage

of £33,475.

Women count for

only 23.6% of physics entrants

and 39.3% of maths entrants

at A-level.

79%

of STEM teachers

felt that a career in engineering

was desirable for their students.

High-quality careers information

and inspiration for 11-14 year olds

is essential,

and should include at least one

engineering experience

with an employer.

Rebalancing the economy:

Engineering is

68% more productive

than retail.

Ofsted found that the most effective way of

raising achievement in science

is through

practical-based investigation.

Only 3%

of engineering apprenticeships

were taken up by women

in England in 2013/14.

The Apprenticeship Grant

for Employers scheme

provides £85 million in incentives up to 2016 to attract

young apprentices.

Engineering companies will need to recruit around

56,000 engineering technicians

per year

between 2012 and 2022.

Apprentices help meet this demand

but there is currently

an annual shortfall of 28,000.

28%

of 17-19 year old girls

have considered a career in engineering

compared with 46%

of boys.

We need to double

the number of

apprentices

entering the

engineering industry.

We need to

double the number

of young people studying

GCSE physics as part of triple science

and increase physics A level study,

particularly involving

girls.

Engineering activities

in school

make students view

engineering careers positively.

The Government has made

a commitment enshrined in law

to create 3 million

apprenticeships

by 2020.

Out of 1,000 11 year olds,

111 boys and 101 girls

will go on to achieve a

physics GCSE A*-C

or equivalent.

Of that group,

44 boys and 13 girls

will acheive a

physics A-level

or equivalent.

Of that group,

21 males

and 3 females

will obtain an

engineering & technology

degree.

Of that group,

33 people will achieve

an engineering-related

advanced

apprenticeship.

Over 4 in 10

11-14 year olds

see a career in engineering as

desirable.

A quarter of

parents

know what people

in engineering do.

75% of 17-19 year-old girls

say that

pay is important to them

when deciding a career.

17-19 year old girls

underestimate the average starting salary

of a graduate engineer

by around 30%

42% of engineers

work in just 0.4% of

engineering enterprises

(those with 250+ employees).

The Government continues to invest in

the eight great technologies:

Big Data, satellites, robots

modern genetics, regenerative medicine,

agricultural technologies, advanced

materials

and energy storage.

6.9% of Higher Education

students were on

Education and Technology courses

in 2013/14.

The Government's

Regional Growth Fund investment

has already created more than

100,000 jobs

with a further 480,000

expected by the mid 2020s.

Engineering employment

has grown by 1.8%

to more than 5.5 million.

Engineering supports

14.5 million jobs

overall.

The number of

21-year-olds

will drop by 14%

between 2012 and 2022.

Apprentices

have generated £12bn

for the UK economy.

The annual shortfall

of engineers

and technicians

has increased by 25%

to 69,000.

The Government's network of

11 Catapults

has invested £1.4bn

of private and public funding

over the past five years

to narrow the gap between

research & development and the market.