EngineeringUK

Research

Research-infographic-header

We use our research to promote the vital contribution that engineering and technology makes to society. Every year our research team analyse data, break down the facts and present them in our flagship publication, Engineering UK: the state of engineering.

It’s a detailed statistical analysis of essential information about the engineering industry and its place in the UK economy. We use our figures to support and advise the engineering community, government and the media, who know our report is accurate, up-to-date, relevant and dependable.

The report tells us about the size of the engineering and manufacturing industries. It shows how the UK, its businesses and engineers are keeping up with a modern economy that needs innovation in all sorts of industries, from superfast broadband to low-carbon technology and the space industry. It has figures for apprenticeships, graduate destinations, employment figures and salaries. It includes the number of students taking STEM subjects and much more. It’s a dissection and snapshot of the industry from top to bottom. We also use it to monitor our progress, evaluate assumptions and identify what we, and the engineering community, need to do.

The heart of the matter

EngineeringUK strives to ensure that The Big Bang and Tomorrow’s Engineers programmes, and all our activities, are as effective and well-targeted as possible whilst also being enjoyable.

To achieve this, all our work is underpinned by research and evaluation. This has shown that The Big Bang UK Young Scientists & Engineers Fair and all our Big Bang Near Me events were well enjoyed by young people with over nine in 10 11-16 year-olds rating the events as enjoyable.

Feedback from The Big Bang Fair 2014 showed that, in addition to being a highly enjoyed event, over half the key age-group of 11-14 year-olds agreed they learned a lot by visiting The Fair and were significantly more likely to regard careers in science and engineering as appealing.

The increased appeal of science and engineering jobs was especially evident among girls. For girls at key stage KS4, the desirability of engineering rose from 19 % pre-event to 37% as a result of their visit.

The Tomorrow’s Engineers programme has also had a positive a positive effect on young people’s perceptions of science and engineering careers. Nearly half of all secondary school pupils who took part in the programme thought a career in engineering was desirable.

Additionally, teachers who participated in Tomorrow’s Engineers activities were much more likely to say that a career in engineering was desirable (84% compared to 56% of teachers interviewed as part of the national Brand Monitor).

Research and briefing papers

Throughout the year EngineeringUK produces a range of briefing papers on key policy issues surrounding science, technology, engineering and maths. You can access these below.

Careers

Nov 2013 Teacher Careers Information, Advice and Guidance (CIAG) Survey

This survey explores whether schools would be willing to allow Careers Information, Advice and Guidance (CIAG) into their schools from external industry-specific careers service providers

Nov 2012 Parents' views on work experience and careers advice

This summary presents the key findings of two separate omnibus surveys aimed at parents of 11- to 23-year-olds on the value of formal work experience and careers advice.

Aug 2011 STEM Teacher Careers Information Survey

This research was undertaken to find out from where teachers seek information about science, technology, engineering and maths (STEM) careers and which sources they recommend to young people. It looked specifically at the types of sources teachers prefer as well as the trusted resources and websites they already use.

Dec 2009 Where do Engineering Graduates Go?

This briefing paper covers EngineeringUK’s second review of Engineering and Technology Graduate Destinations, encompassing graduate application numbers, graduations and destinations.

Sep 2009 An Informed Choice - A Road Map for Improving Careers Information Advice and Guidance (IAG) Acro...

This paper focuses on contemporary policy and practice relating to careers Information, Advice and Guidance (IAG) in schools and examines major inconsistencies in provision across the UK, paying particular attention to why this is important for progression into science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) courses and jobs.

Nov 2008 Where do Engineering Graduates go?

Contrary to popular belief, this report found that nine out of ten engineering graduates who entered employment, went on to work in engineering and technology related occupations.

Jul 2005 Parents' Perceptions of SET Based Careers

This research was commissioned to look at the role of parents of children in Years 9 and 11 in influencing their child’s selection of subjects at school and career choice.

Feb 2004 Developing Technicians Phase 2 Summary

This report is the second part of a comprehensive review of the state of technician training in the UK.

Jul 2003 Ready SET Go - A review of SET study & careers choice

In December 2002, the Institute for Employment Studies (IES) was commissioned by the Engineering Technology Board (ETB) to look at careers guidance literature on science, engineering and technology (SET), which includes mathematics and IT. This review followed a comprehensive search by IES of academic and policy literature in the SET area, with the final selection based on how important the material was and what impact it had achieved. There were two further criteria: literature which had often been quoted elsewhere and literature which had been used to form policy was given priority.

Jul 2003 Early Career Experiences of Engineering and Technology Graduates

In commissioning the Warwick Institute for Employment Research (WIER) to prepare its report “Early Career Experiences of Engineering and Technology Graduates” ETB set out to achieve some key objectives. The first was to learn how graduates felt about the completeness of their education and the extent to which their undergraduate or graduate studies prepared them for their early careers. Secondly, we wanted to gauge the views of employers. Whether they felt they were well prepared to provide suitable career structures for graduates and in particular to provide them with continuing professional development. In addition we wanted to learn how employers rated the skills of graduates, their strengths and their weaknesses and the extent to which further training was necessary to address any weaknesses.

Jun 2003 Developing Technicians Phase 1 Summary

This report is the first part of a comprehensive review of the state of technician training in the UK.

Economy

Jan 2015 Cebr - The contribution of engineering to the UK economy - the multiplier impacts

We commissioned another report from the Cebr, exploring the job multiplier effect of engineering on the UK economy.

Oct 2014 Cebr - The contribution of engineering to the UK economy

We commissioned a report from the Cebr, exploring the contribution of engineering to the UK economy.

Jul 2009 Backing Winners:The Changing Face of Manufacturing

This paper explores the changing face of manufacturing using as a template the Government’s Ministerial Advisory Group’s five major manufacturing ‘dynamics’. It assesses: how the UK is shaping up in relation to each of these trends; how well placed it is to capitalise on them; and the interventions that the Government has initiated in support. It concludes with recommendations on how to support the new face of manufacturing.

Aug 2007 Lisbon or Bust - The Lisbon Agenda and UK Technology Strategy

This opinion paper highlights key points and issues that emerged from The Lisbon Agenda, considering its implications from a Science, Engineering and Technology sector perspective.

Sep 2006 SET and the City - Financing Wealth Creation from Science, Engineering and Technology

This report focuses on the relationships between SET-related businesses and financial institutions.

Apr 2004 The Frontiers of Innovation - Wealth Creation from Science, Engineering and Technology in the UK

This report made a range of proposals and recommendations on the policy framework relating to wealth creation from SET in the UK.

Education

Jun 2013 Estimating the ability of UK university engineering departments to double their capacity to resp...

EngineeringUK identified that in order to meet the future UK demand for engineers with Level 4+ skills, the UK needs to roughly double its output of students with Level 4+ qualifications via universities and colleges of further education. This survey, in conjunction with the Engineering Professors Council (EPC), estimates the time period that various HEIs could accommodate a doubling of their intake of undergraduate (and separately) postgraduate engineering students.

Nov 2012 Analysis of HESA's Longitudinal Destination of Leavers from Higher Education data, 2010

HESA’s longitudinal 2010 Destinations of Leavers from Higher Education survey allows the examination of the employability and careers of engineering graduates three and a half years after graduation.

Mar 2012 The skills 'threat' from China and India - Fact or fiction

Coverage of the scale of engineering graduates coming out of China and India has been a cause for concern for some in western countries who fear that they are losing their technological edge due to the millions of globally competitive Chinese and Indian engineering graduates qualifying each year. This research was undertaken to establish the reality of this situation.

Jul 2011 Student subject decision making aged 14 and 16

This research report examines students subject decision making process aged 14 and 16 which are key decision points.

Mar 2010 The Apprenticeship Renaissance

This briefing paper provides an analysis of the contemporary state of Apprenticeship training, concentrating its analysis and recommendations on engineering and technology only.

May 2009 Top of the Class - The UK's University Engineering Research Base

This paper analyses the strength of the UK's engineering research base, as measured by the Research Assessment Exercise.

Aug 2008 The truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth - Higher Education applications, acceptance...

Based on data gathered by UCAS and HESA (the Higher Education Statistics Agency), this paper provides an analysis of student numbers in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics over the last 5 years, outlining the major trends in engineering disciplines.

Nov 2007 Engineering, Manufacturing and Technology Provision within Further Education

This report summary highlights key points and issues relating to primary and secondary research into the state of engineering, technology and manufacturing provision within the Further Education sector.

Sep 2007 Employer Engagement in Engineering Foundation Degrees

York Consulting were commissioned to carry out this research jointly by the Engineering and Technology Board (ETB) and Foundation Degree Forward (FDF). The objectives of the research were to conduct an examination of the nature and reality of employer engagement in Engineering Foundation Degrees (ENGFDs); to examine the nature of links between employers and providers in the design and development of ENGFDs; to look at the nature of best practice links between employers and providers; and to explore the barriers to employers engaging with ENGFDs.

Jun 2007 Employer Demand For Apprenticeships and Intermediate Skills - A review of the STEM sector in Sou...

The importance of intermediate vocational skills has been reflected in the work of sector skills councils and the recent publication of the Leitch Review. However there are fears that this activity is being undermined by low demand for intermediate skills both from young people and employers. The Engineering and Technology Board (ETB) in conjunction with the SEEDA commissioned this study to look at supply and demand for training in South East England.

Apr 2007 Caveat Emptor - Leitch Review

The Leitch Review of Skills was set up to report back to Government on what skills profile the UK should aim to achieve in 2020 in order to support productivity and economic growth as well as social objectives over the longer term. This Engineering and Technology Board (ETB) briefing paper explores some of the issues that emerge from this report for employers, education providers and students.

Oct 2005 Factors Influencing Year 9 Career Choices

This summary reports the key findings of a National Foundation for Educational Research (NFER) study commissioned by the Engineering and Technology Board (ETB) which examined how Year 9 students (and indirectly their adult influencers) could be better supported with advice and background information relating to career opportunities in the science engineering and technology (SET) sector.

Jul 2003 Tomorrows World Today's Reality - A review of teachers perceptions, views and approaches

Against a backdrop of falling numbers of pupils taking up engineering-related subjects, the Engineering and Technology Board (ETB) commissioned this study to address the issue of Science, Technology and Maths (STM) teaching in UK schools and colleges, looking at the different perceptions of engineering held by teachers and how engineering as a career is viewed.

Engineers and Engineering Brand Monitor

Dec 2014 Engineers and Engineering Brand Monitor 2014

The annual Engineers and Engineering Brand Monitor (EEBM) measures the public's perceptions of engineers and engineering in order to inform our own and partner programmes and gauge if progress is being made in this key area. Our research is conducted across five key audience groups: The general public 17-19,the general public 20+, Educators, School children aged 7-11 and School children aged 12-16.

Aug 2013 Engineers and Engineering Brand Monitor 2013

The annual Engineers and Engineering Brand Monitor (EEBM) measures the public's perceptions of engineers and engineering in order to inform our own and partner programmes and gauge if progress is being made in this key area. Our research is conducted across five key audience groups: The general public 17-19,the general public 20+, Educators, School children aged 7-11 and School children aged 12-16.

Aug 2012 Engineers and Engineering Brand Monitor 2012

The annual Engineers and Engineering Brand Monitor (EEBM) measures the public's perceptions of engineers and engineering in order to inform our own and partner programmes and gauge if progress is being made in this key area. Our research is conducted across five key audience groups: The general public 17-19,the general public 20+, Educators, School children aged 7-11 and School children aged 12-16.

Jul 2011 Engineers and Engineering Brand Monitor 2011

EngineeringUK undertakes an annual survey to gauge the perception of engineering and engineers among the UK population and to measure its annual Key perception Performance Indicators. The 2011 Engineers and Engineering Brand Monitor (EEBM) was conducted in May and June 2011 and a total of 4491 responses to an online survey were obtained across five different UK population groups: those aged 20 and above; 17–19 year olds; 12–16 year olds; 7–11 year olds and education professionals in STEM-related subjects.

Sep 2010 Engineers and Engineering Brand Monitor 2010

The annual Engineers and Engineering Brand Monitor (EEBM) measures the public's perceptions of engineers and engineering in order to inform our own and partner programmes and gauge if progress is being made in this key area.

Sep 2009 Engineers and Engineering Brand Monitor 2009 - Rebuilding the UK Economy - Changing Perceptions ...

Based on the first full Engineers and Engineering Brand Monitor (EEBM) survey, this report found that the contemporary UK social and economic climate, set against the backdrop of the global financial downturn, had seen a marked improvement in the perceived desirability of the engineering profession among education professionals and the general public. However, it also found that this positive shift in perceptions of engineering had yet to be passed on to the under-24s and explored ways of resolving this issue by targeting key influencers such as parents and guardians.

Gender

Apr 2011 An investigation into why the UK has the lowest proportion of female engineers in the EU

This report investigates why the UK has the lowest proportion of female engineers in the EU and makes three key recommendations which we believe if enacted will help, over time, redress the STEM gender imbalance within the UK. This research stemmed from earlier findings related to women in engineering that were reported in our Engineering UK 2011 the state of engineering report.

May 2010 Women in Engineering and Technology

This briefing paper examines the gender imbalance in engineering in order to establish a baseline for future comparisons, identify any serious issues and make recommendations for future activities.

Jun 2008 Women in SET

This briefing paper addresses key issues relating to the gender imbalance in Science, Engineering and Technology (SET) occupations.

Perceptions

Oct 2013 Engineering Perceptions

This report summarises the results of a survey commissioned by EngineeringUK and carried out by Populus who Interviewed 2,043 adults within Great Britain, online, between 16th and 17th of October 2013. The survey covered general perceptions of engineering as well as sources and content of careers information.

Jun 2010 Climate Change Perceptions

This survey was commissioned by EngineeringUK and undertaken by ICM Research in order to provide a UK representative insight into public perceptions on Climate Change.

The Big Bang Fair

Nov 2014 Embedding learning materials and information from The Big Bang Fair 2014 into lessons

This summary provides an insight to how STEM teachers used and embedded learning materials and information from The Big Bang Fair 2014 back in the classroom.

Jul 2014 The Big Bang Fair 2014 Impact Report - Pre-Event and Post-Event Evaluation

This summary of pre-event and post-event evaluation of The Big Bang Fair 2014 - carried out by EdComs - looks at the impact that The Fair had on visitors' perceptions of Science, Technology, Engineering and Maths (STEM).

May 2014 The Big Bang Fair 2014 At-Event Evaluation

This is a summary of the at-event evaluation for The Big Bang Fair 2014.

Sep 2013 Embedding learning materials and information from The Big Bang Fair 2013 into lessons

This summary provides an insight to how STEM teachers used and embedded learning materials and information from The Big Bang Fair 2013 back in the classroom.

Aug 2013 The Big Bang Fair 2013 Event Evaluation

This summary of The Big Bang Fair 2013 event evaluation – carried out by FreshMinds – focuses on visitor expectations prior to, experiences at, and impact on perceptions of STEM following The Fair.

Sep 2012 Embedding learning materials and information from The Big Bang Fair 2012 into lessons

This summary provides an insight to how STEM teachers used and embedded learning materials and information from The Big Bang Fair 2012 back in the classroom.

May 2012 The Big Bang Fair 2012 Event Evaluation

This summary of The Big Bang Fair 2012 event evaluation – carried out by FreshMinds – focuses on visitor expectations prior to, experiences at, and impact on perceptions of STEM following The Fair.

May 2011 The Big Bang Fair 2011 Event Evaluation

This summary of The Big Bang Fair 2011 event evaluation – carried out by FreshMinds – explores visitor expectations and experiences and makes recommendations for how The Fair can be improved in future years.

Apr 2010 The Big Bang Fair 2010 Event Evaluation

This is the summary of The Big Bang Fair 2010 event evaluation, carried out by the Centre for Science Education at Sheffield Hallam University. It focuses on the experiences of young people, teachers and parents on the day; participants’ attitude to STEM subjects and careers; and the impact of the event on teaching and learning after the event in participants’ schools.

Jun 2009 The Big Bang Fair 2009 Event Evaluation

This summary presents key findings from the at-event and post-event evaluation of The Big Bang Fair 2009.

Tomorrow's Engineers

May 2015 Tomorrow's Engineers 2013-2014 - Key Findings

This report presents key findings from the 2013-2014 Tomorrow's Engineers evaluation, with particular emphasis on the impact the programme had on young people's perceptions of STEM.

Other

Apr 2012 The number of engineers on the boards of the FTSE 100

This summary presents key findings from an EngineeringUK investigation into the number of engineers on the boards of FTSE 100 companies.

May 2009 Top of the Class - The UK’s University Engineering Research Base

This paper analyses the strength of the UK's engineering research base, as measured by the Research Assessment Exercise.

Nov 2003 Small Businesses & Government Grants

This report sought to explore the contemporary perceptions of Small Businesses themselves with regard to the relevance, accessibility and effectiveness of grant funding for the Science, Engineering and Technology (SET) sector. It also sought to evaluate the extent to which demand existed for a service that provides aid and assistance with sourcing and applying for grants.

Nov 2003 Skills for Manufacturing SMEs - A survey of strategies and requirements

The Engineering and Technology Board (ETB) commissioned Benchmark Research Ltd to undertake a survey of 213 UK manufacturing Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) to investigate their training and skills strategies. This summary explores contemporary typical Training & Skills Strategies followed by SMEs; skills required; skills gaps; and the extent to which NVQs, Modern Apprenticeships, e-learning & CPD were being used.