At A Glance 2018


All information is taken from the Engineering UK Report 2018.

While nominal wages are rising

real wages are stagnant

due to the UK's low level

productivity and inflation

In 2016


of those working in the engineering

sector were EU nationals

Engineering generated


of the total UK GDP in 2015.

(£420.5 billion)

Engineering and technology first degree

graduates earn

18% more

than the average for a graduate

in the six months after leaving university.

To keep pace with demand

203,000 people

with Level 3+ engineering skills

are required per year

to 2024

79,000 "related roles"

requiring mixed application

of engineering knowledge

and skill alongside other skill sets

will need to be filled

every year to 2024


of engineering employers

surveyed by the IET reported

recruitment difficulties

The most positive projection of graduates entering

into engineering

is still


fewer than needed.

Entries for biology, chemistry and physics

between 2012 and 2017

decreased by

around 10%

Every £1

produced in engineering

means £1.45

generated elsewhere.


of teachers who qualified

in between England 2011-2015

had left the profession

by 2016.


of the UK total workforce are employed

in the

engineering sector.

27.1% of girls'

A level entries in 2017

were in STEM subjects compared with

45.6% of boys' entries


of 11-14 yr olds

know almost nothing

about types of apprenticeships and what apprentices do.

Median salaries for full-time

engineering employees range from


for environment professionals to


for electronic engineers - compared with the overall average of £28,195

In 2015 to 2016,

68% of engineering and technology

first degree graduates

entered full time employment, compared with 56% of all graduates.

The engineering sector

generates a further

£1.45 GVA

for every £1 GVA

created directly

In 2015/ 16


of taught postgraduates studying engineering and technology

in the UK were

EU or non-EU domiciled


of engineering related

apprenticeship achievements

in England and

3% in Scotland were completed

by women in 2015/16

The number of engineering companies

in the UK

grew by 6%

between 2015 to 2016.

1.74 jobs

are supported by every person

employed in engineering

- a multiplier effect

of 2.74


of 11-14 yr olds

felt a career

in engineering

was desirable

There is a shortfall

of up to 56,000

people in meeting

the annual demand for 124,000 core engineering roles

requiring Level 3+ skills.

Ethnic minority


are underrepresented in engineering:

8% working in engineering jobs are BME,

compared with 12% of the UK workforce.

Only 37%

of 11-19 yr olds

agreed that they knew what to do next

to become an engineer.

STEM subject pass rates remain

significantly below average:

with the exception of maths and further maths,

A* to C pass rates

for all STEM subjects were below the all

subject average of 77.4% in 2017


of registered enterprises

in the UK

are in the engineering sector.

Gender under representation is

particulary pronounced with

A-level computing and physics

where girls comprised just

10% and 22% of entries,

respectively, in 2017


of businesses surveyed

are not confident in finding

enough people available

with the necessary skills to fill

their high-skilled job vacancies.

Only 36% of parents

and 35% of STEM teachers

feel confident in

giving engineering careers advice

Pay is the second most important factor for

young people deciding a career.

Yet only 20%

are able to accurately guess

the salary range for average graduate engineers,

with nearly 3 in 5 indicating a salary band considerably lower.

We will need to fill


Level 3+ core engineering roles

every year to 2024.

There is an acute STEM teacher shortage

with an estimated

shortfall of

2,188 STEM trainee

teachers against the DfE's target

30% of girls

surveyed said no

when asked if they thought

they could become an engineer


of projected demand for engineering skills

is expected to arise

outside of the engineering sector

- demonstrating that these are

needed across the economy


of 11-14 year olds

would consider a career in engineering compared with

39% of 16-19 year olds

262,500 employers

in England

employed apprentices in 2015

a 4.5% increase

on the previous year.


of 11 to 14 year olds

have taken part in a

STEM careers activity

-up from 23% in 2016.

Between 2014/15 and 2015/16

the number of postgraduates

studying engineering and technology declined


(by 4% for taught

and 9% for research postgraduates)

Engineering-related apprencticeships are

growing in popularity:

in England, the number

of engineering-related apprenticeships starts in 2015/16

increased by 7.4%

over the year before

While women comprised


of the overall UK worforce in 2016,

they only made up


of those working in engineering roles

The number of HE students

studying engineering and technology

increased by


between 2014/15 and 2015/16 - mostly due

to a rise in entrants at first degree level

Asked how much they would like

to be an engineer

46% of girls

aged 7 to 11 stated

"not at all" or "not very much",

almost twice the proportion of boys (25%)

When asked how much they know about what engineers do

37% of 11-16 yr olds

& 43% aged 16-19

said they knew "only a little"

or "almost nothing"

Our research has found

that movement

in and out of the engineering

sector does not materially impact

the engineering skills shortfall.

23% (£1.23 trillion)

of the UK's total turnover

is generated from the

engineering sector


of engineering employers

surveyed experienced

recruitment difficulties due to

a lack of skilled candidates.

A quarter noted skills gaps or

limitations in their existing workforces.