At A Glance 2019

Research

All information is taken from the updated Excel resource for 2019 (and summary of key updates).

While nominal wages are rising

real wages are stagnant

due to the UK's low level productivity and inflation

In 2018

17%

of those working in the engineering

sector were non-UK nationals

Asked how much they would like to be an engineer

35% of girls

aged 7-11 stated "not at all" or "not very much"

twice the proportion of boys (17%)

Engineering generated

25%

of the total UK GDP in 2015

(£420.5 billion)

Engineering and technology first degree

graduates earn

17% more

than the average for a graduate

in the six months after leaving university

To keep pace with demand

203,000 people

with Level 3+ engineering skills

are required per year

to 2024

79,000 "related roles"

requiring mixed application

of engineering knowledge

and skill alongside other skill sets

will need to be filled

every year to 2024

46%

of engineering employers

surveyed by the IET reported recruitment difficulties

The most positive projection of graduates entering into engineering is still

20,000

fewer than needed

Science GCSEs were restructured in 2017/18 resulting in a

substantial increase in take-up of individual science subjects

+23% in biology, +19% in chemistry

+17% in physics

Every £1 produced in engineering

means £1.45

generated elsewhere

The number of STEM secondary school teachers decreased

by 4%

between 2016 and 2017

19%

of the UK total workforce are employed

in the engineering sector

29% of girls'

A level entries in 2017/2018

were in STEM subjects compared with

47% of boys' entries

53%

of 11-14 yr olds don't know what apprentices do and 64% lack knowledge of types of apprenticeships available

Median salaries for full-time employees working in professional engineering occupations range between

£30,360 - £51,279

For civil engineers it was £40,313, mechanical engineers £42,230 and electrical engineers £44,486

Six months after university,

62%

of engineering and technology first degree graduates are in full time employment, compared with 57% of all first degree graduates

In 2016/17 66%

of taught postgraduates studying engineering and technology in the UK were international students (inc from the EU)

Just 7%

of engineering related apprenticeship achievements

in England and 3% in Scotland were completed

by women in 2017/18

The number of engineering companies in the UK grew

by 1%

between 2017 to 2018

1.74 jobs

are supported by every person

employed in engineering

- a multiplier effect

of 2.74

39%

of 11-14 yr olds

feel a career

in engineering

is desirable

There is a shortfall

of up to 59,000

people in meeting

the annual demand for 124,000 core engineering roles

requiring Level 3+ skills

Ethnic minority groups are underrepresented in engineering:

9% working in engineering jobs are BAME,

compared with 12% of the UK workforce

Only 36%

of 11-14 yr olds

say that they know what to do next

to become an engineer

A level STEM subject pass rates remain significantly below average: with the exception of maths and further maths, A* to C pass rates for all STEM subjects were below the all subject average

of 77% in 2018

Our research has found that movement in and out of the engineering sector

does not

materially impact the engineering skills shortfall

27%

of the 2.67 million

registered enterprises in the UK

in 2018 fell within the engineering footprint

At A-level, girls' underrepresentation is particularly pronounced in computing and physics: in 2018 girls comprised just

12% and 22% of entries,

respectively

61%

of businesses surveyed

are not confident in finding

enough people available

with the necessary skills to fill

their high-skilled job vacancies

Only 32% of parents

and 45% of STEM teachers

feel confident in

giving engineering careers advice

Pay is the second most important factor for

young people deciding a career

Yet only 20%

are able to accurately guess

the salary range for average graduate engineers,

with nearly 3 in 5 indicating a salary band considerably lower

We will need to fill

124,000

Level 3+ core engineering roles

every year to 2024

There is an acute STEM teacher shortage

with an estimated shortfall of

2,188

STEM trainee teachers

against the DfE's target

30% of girls

surveyed said no when asked if they thought they could become an engineer

42%

of projected demand for engineering skills

is expected to arise

outside of the engineering sector

- demonstrating that these skills are

needed across the economy

55%

of 11 to 14 year olds

would consider

a career in engineering

243,700 employers

in England

employed apprentices in 2016/2017

a 7% decrease

on the previous year

In the past 12 months

1 in 3

11 to 14 year olds

have participated in a

STEM careers activity

Turnover from the

construction industry increased

by 7%

between

2017 and 2018

In the information

and communication sector there are

3.7

job vacancies for

every 100 filled jobs

Between 2015/16 and 2016/17

the number of postgraduates

studying engineering and technology

increased

by 2%

In England, the number of engineering-related apprenticeship starts in 2017/18

decreased by 10%

over the year before. In Scotland however they increased by 2% 10.% in Northern Ireland, and 29% in Wales

7,200

engineering and technical workers

will be needed

in high speed rail by 2020

2017/18 saw a

29% decline

in GCSE Engineering entries from the previous year - the largest proportional decrease in all STEM subjects

While women comprised

47%

of the overall UK worforce in 2018, they only made up 12%

of those working in engineering roles

The number of HE students

studying engineering and technology

increased by

1%

between 2015/16 and 2016/17

Of the 721,940 UK engineering enterprises, in 2018 the largest proportions were in

information and communication (29%) construction (27%) and manufacturing (17%)

When asked whether they thought they

could become an engineer if they wanted

33% of girls

aged 11 to 14

replied in the negative

compared with just 20% of boys

There are striking gender differences

in take-up of some GCSE STEM subjects including:

engineering (11% female) computing (20% female)

design & technology (33% female) and ICT (37% female)

Girls tend to outperform boys at both

GCSE and A level.

In GCSE design and technology

75% of girls

achieved grades A*-C/7-4, compared to 55% of boys

When asked how much they know about what engineers do

46%

of 11 to 14 yr olds state they know "only a little"

or "almost nothing"

With a turnover of

£31.8 billion

the UK’s aerospace industry is the world’s second largest

The manufacturing sector accounts for

44%

of the turnover generated by engineering enterprises in the UK

21% (£1.2 trillion)

of the UK's total turnover

is generated from the

engineering sector

Big data is forecast to contribute

£241 billion

to UK GDP

by 2020

46%

of engineering employers surveyed experienced recruitment difficulties due to a lack of skilled candidates.

A quarter noted skills gaps or limitations in their existing workforces

Pupils aged 11 to 14 are most likely to seek advice from their parents/guardians

(62%)

16 to 19 year olds were most likely

to seek advice from careers advisers (63%)