At a glance 2020

Research

All information is taken from the 2020 Excel Resource.

Only 63%

of physics teachers &

78%

of maths teachers

have relevant post-A level qualifications

Women and people from
minority ethnic backgrounds

remain severely underrepresented

in engineering-related apprenticeships

In 2018 to 2019

STEM subjects were

4 of the top 10

most popular A level subjects

across England, Wales and Northern Ireland

Brexit

could have a significant impact on the HE sector, in particular, for subjects like

engineering and technology

where a significant proportion of students are international

In 2019, only

23.5%

of 11 to 19 year olds had heard about engineering careers from careers advisors

Design and technology GCSE entries decreased by

21.7%

in 2018 to 2019

continuing a trend of long-term decline

Since 2009

the proportion of female engineering and

technology entrants has

increased by 5 percentage points

But gender disparities remain stark

Over the past 10 years, engineering and technology entries have increased

at first degree undergraduate & postgraduate research levels,

but declined at other undergraduate and postgraduate taught levels

47%

of 11 to 19 year olds

said they knew little or

almost nothing about what engineers do

62%

of 16 to 17 year olds in the UK

felt that subjects like science and maths

were more difficult than non-STEM subjects

Only 17.5%

of engineering teachers and

36.0%

of computer science teachers
have a relevant post-A level qualification

Engineering-related apprenticeships

made up 26%

of all apprenticeship starts in 2018 to 2019

In 2018 to 2019,

30% of engineering and technology HE entrants

were from minority ethnic backgrounds,

which is higher than among the overall

student population (26%)

Engineering and technology was the second most popular

STEM subject area for EU students

studying in the UK in 2018 to 2019

74% of further education college principals

said engineering and manufacturing was

the most difficult subject to recruit teachers for

Female share of engineering and technology HE entrants in 2018 to 2019:

First degree (17.6%)

Other undergraduate (12.7%)

Postgraduate taught (28.1%)

Postgraduate research (26.5%)