Trends in the engineering workforce between 2010 and 2021

Published in July 2022, this briefing looks at trends in the workforce from 2010 to 2021, for both engineering industries and occupations. It explores changes in the composition of the workforce in terms of occupation groups and regions of employment, showing a shift away from manufacturing and construction to more service-based industries such as information and communications and professional services. It then looks at diversity in the workforce, in terms of gender, ethnicity, country of birth and age, showing that improvements have been made over this period. This is reflected in the increasingly diverse socio-demographic characteristics of engineering employees, however, engineering remains less diverse than the overall workforce.

In this report we explore the overall trends in employment from 2010 to 2021, for both engineering industries and occupations. In the first section, we explore the trends over time including by region and occupation group. In the second, we look more closely at the characteristics of employees in engineering occupations, by gender, ethnicity, age, country of birth and socio-economic group.

Our analysis shows clear changes in the industrial composition of engineering, with a shift away from manufacturing and construction to more service-based industries such as information and communications and professional services. Over the last decade, the composition of the engineering workforce has also become increasingly diverse, though some groups such as women remain significantly underrepresented compared to the wider labour force.

Download the report here